End of Year Expectations

Early Learning Goals


Communication and Language

Physical Development

Personal, Social and Emotional Development



Understanding the World

Expressive Arts and Design

Listening and Attention: children listen attentively in a range of situations. They listen to stories, accurately anticipating key events and respond to what they hear with relevant comments, questions or actions.

They give their attention to what others say and respond appropriately, while engaged in another activity.

Moving and handling: children show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements. They move confidently in a range of ways, safely negotiating space. They handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing.

Self confidence and self-awareness: children are confident to try new activities, and say why they like some activities more than others.

They are confident to speak in a familiar group, will talk about their ideas, and will choose the resources they need for their chosen activities.

They say when they do or don’t need help.


Children read and understand simple sentences.

They use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately.

They also red some common irregular words.

They demonstrate understanding when talking with others about what they have read.

Numbers: children count reliably with numbers from 1 to 20, place them in order and say which number is one more or one less than a given number.

Using quantities and objects, they add and subtract two single-digit numbers and count on or back to find the answer.

They solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing.

People and communities: children talk about past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members.

They know that other children don’t always enjoys the same things, and are sensitive to this.

They know about similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families, communities and traditions.

Exploring and using media and materials: children sing songs, make music and dance, and experiment with ways of changing them.

They safely use and explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting with colour, design texture, form and function.

Understanding: children follow instructions involving several ideas or actions. They answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions about their experiences and in response to stories or events.

Health and self-care: children know the importance for good health of physical exercise, and healthy diet, and talk about ways to keep healthy and safe.

They manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs successfully, including dressing and undressing and going to the toilet independently.


Managing feelings and behaviour: children talk about how they and others show feelings, talk about their own and others’ behaviour, and it’s consequences, and know that some behaviour is unacceptable.

They work as part of a group or class, and underdstand and follow the rules.

They adjust their behaviour to different situations, and take changes of routine in their stride.

Writing: children use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds.

They also write some irregular common words.

They write simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others.

Some words are spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible.

Shape, space and measure: children use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and objects and to solve problems.

They recognise, create and describe patterns.

They explore characteristics of everyday objects and shapes and use mathematical language to describe them.


The world: children know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things.

They talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another.

They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes.

Being imaginative: children use what they have learnt about media and materials in original ways, thinking about uses and purposes.

They represent their own ideas, thought and feelings through design and technology, art, music, dance, role-play and stories.